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Basulto Academy of Defense > Articles > Posts > Gracie Jiu Jitsu's Pisao: the “rangemaster”
 

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December 02
Gracie Jiu Jitsu's Pisao: the “rangemaster”

While most people think of chokes and armbars when they hear of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, the martial art of Gracie Jiu Jitsu is much more than simple grappling.   In addition to defensive counters to a variety of kicks and punches, a genuine Jiu Jitsu course-of-study includes strikes from a variety of positions and ranges.   

Because all of these strikes are illegal in modern, sport Jiu Jitsu competitions, many practitioners overlook them in their training or are completely unaware that they are part of the full-spectrum of Jiu Jitsu techniques. 

Royce Pisao.JPG
One of the most effective and versatile strikes of Gracie Jiu Jitsu is the “pisao”.  This is a quick, thrusting kick to the opponents lead leg with very little “telegraphing” movements to maintain the element of surprise.  The “pisao” from Jiu Jitsu may appear at first glance similar to the side-kick from other martial arts (the Brazilian art of Capoeira has a Pisao kick) but its particular “stomping” motion is meant not only as a percussive attack but also as a vehicle to facilitate a quick entry to the clinch range.

The Pisao is used primarily for two purposes:

 Defensive: as a harrying attack to maintain the opponent at a manageable distance and to intercept or thwart the opponent’s attacks.  

Offensive: to break the opponent’s fighting rhythm and enable the defender to close the distance safely.

Rickson Pisao.JPG
When trying to stop an opponent from advancing, the kick can be used defensively to undermine any incoming attack (punches, kicks, clinch attempts).   When the opponent’s attack is interrupted mid-action, the defender can use the break in rhythm to close the gap and clinch.  

Alternatively, the Pisao can be used repeatedly to arrest the opponent’s attempts to attack and can cause enough frustration to force an error from the attacker. 

However, the most common and effective use of the Pisao kick is to utilize it proactively to cover the distance between two fighters.  In countless MMA, No-Holds-Barred and “challenge matches”, members of the Gracie family and their representatives can be seen using this kick to cover distance, clinch and takedown their opponents. 

 Ralek Pisao.JPG
As the kick is executed at the knee or legs, the opponent responds to the threat by either retreating, stopping his forward momentum or pulling back on the lead leg.  The opponent’s reaction pauses his attack and compromises his base which allows the half-beat necessary to close the distance and develop a full-control clinch.

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Jiu Jitsu's function is self-defense.  There are many ways to train and develop the attributes and techniques to increase their effectiveness, including sportive competition, but never lose sight of the original intent of Jiu Jitsu!

 

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